Your child in their early years is exposed to and learns a number of areas simultaneously. Early year learning for children is critical as they help enhance your child’s abilities and provides the much-required foundation upon which all future learning depends. Child development is not limited to your child merely learning A, B, C, and 1,2,3. It is the process by which a child evolves and matures in different capacities and stages of child development. Preschool learning for children is especially focused on these developmental goals or milestones rather than only teaching children to read and write.

Responding to their name, sitting up without any help, following simple instructions, and starting to understand time are some of the developmental milestones your child will hit along the way. They will encounter and enhance a number of such milestones as they journey through the different stages of child development. Being aware of these milestones will help you, as a parent, effectively support your child. Recognizing and providing an environment that enables your child to flourish helps develop a sense of confidence. It also helps identify developmental troubles, if any, at an early stage.

Areas of Development in Preschool Learning for Children

Early childhood development stages are categorized into 5 areas which consist of a number of milestones that a child will attain. The areas of preschool development are socio-emotional, fine motor skill, gross motor skill, speech and language, and cognitive development for preschoolers.

1. Socio-Emotional Development: your child develops self-knowledge and the ability to control emotions. In addition to being able to work with their emotional state, your child can understand and will be able to respond to other’s cues. To help your child develop both socially and emotionally, look for opportunities that allow interaction with kids their age and help them form relationships with both children and adults while also encouraging a sense of self.

learning for children

2.Gross Motor Skill Development: refers to whole- body movements involving large muscles of the arms, legs, and torso. It enables your child to perform everyday functions like running, walking, jumping, standing, or sitting upright at the table. It impacts balance and coordination while also forming the basis for fine motor skills

3. Fine Motor Skill Development: this refers to your child’s ability to use small muscles of their body, especially their hands and fingers, to use a crayon to draw, grasp small objects like a spoon, or turn pages in a book. It also involves building strength, fine motor controls, and dexterity.

4. Speech and Language Development: it enables your child to comprehend and utilize language, thus encourages them to articulate themselves clearly. One of the most important things to enhance in this area of development throughout their early childhood care and education is to teach them to read. Reading out loud and teaching children to read impacts language, literacy skills, and overall learning for children. In addition to reading sessions, alphabet activities for preschoolers, relevant educational games for kids, and regular conversations are all important for language development.

5. Cognitive Development: this refers to skills pertaining to learning and thinking that involve intellectual development and creativity. It enables your child to develop the ability to pay attention, reason, problem-solve, think, process information, organize their thoughts, ideate, and put their ideas into action.

Importance of Early Childhood Education:

Holistic learning for children goes way beyond teaching them letters and numbers. It involves an equal enhancement in all five areas of development. Across ages and stages of child development, it is important to recognize that these development areas intersect. For instance, early learning activities for toddlers that focus on physical development may enable their cognitive skills. Or socio-emotional skills can be enhanced through language/ communication development during the preschool learning years.   

As these development areas are closely interlinked, the exclusion of anyone can make your child’s learning journey difficult. Thus, learning for children in the early years should enable your child to develop holistically and develop their potential in all areas of development. At the same time, it is very important to remember that each child develops at their own pace, and the exact age could vary.

Developmental Milestones in Preschool Learning for Children:

There are a number of milestones children cover through different ages and stages of child development. It provides a sense of what changes to expect at various stages as they get older. However, as each child develops at their own pace, it is difficult to define the exact age at which a child will learn a particular skill. 

Irrespective of offline or online learning for kids, here are some milestones to look out for across ages and stages of child development. Do remember that these milestones represent averages, not rigid developmental deadlines. Each child develops and attains each of these milestones at varying rates, some sooner, others later.

Milestones by Ages and Stages of Child Development


Socio-Emotional Development

Gross Motor Skill Development

Fine Motor Skill Development

Speech and Language Development

Cognitive Development

3 year old